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Research / UCCRI/ Prostate Portal/ Prostate Cancer/ Screening

Prostate Cancer Screening

In order to check for prostate cancer, your physician may complete a combination of the tests:

Digital Rectal Exam: A physical test to check the size and shape of the prostate and to feel for any lumps or abnormal areas

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test:  A blood test that measures the amount of PSA present. PSA is a protein made by the prostate and increases by the number of cells in the prostate. As the prostate continues to grow, PSA levels increase and it can be an indication of prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Gene 3 (PCA3): A urine test that checks for a gene called PCA3. PCA3 is specific for prostate cancer and is only used if there is a negative biopsy but the suspicion still remains.

Trans rectal Ultrasound: A tool that uses an ultrasound probe in the rectum to create a picture of the prostate. It checks for abnormal areas and the size of the prostate.

Biopsy: A small tissue sample is removed from several areas of the prostate. A pathologist will analyze the sample to detect if there are cancerous cells present in the area of the prostate. There are three different types of biopsies that can occur to collect tissues from the prostate; a transrectual, trans perineal and transurethral.